OR WAIT 15 SECS
© 2020 MJH Life Sciences and BioPharm International. All rights reserved.
© 2020 MJH Life Sciences™ and BioPharm International. All rights reserved.
by Serena Donnelly Webb, David F. Sesin, Aimee C. Kincaid, Jonathan N. Webb, and Timothy G. Hughes, Integrated Biosystems, Inc. Large-scale freezing and thawing is commonly used in biopharmaceutical manufacturing but is not well understood. Freeze-thaw variations can exist within or between batches, and nonuniform processes raise serious validation concerns.