Good Quality Agreements Support Compliance with CGMP

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BioPharm International, BioPharm International-03-15-2018, Volume 2018 eBook, Issue 1
Pages: 16-21

Drug manufacturers can improve use of quality agreements in contract manufacturing.

FDA finalized its guidance on contract manufacturing, Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements, in November 2016 (1). This document explains how parties that engaged in contract manufacturing can use quality agreements to delineate their roles and ultimately ensure compliance with current good manufacturing practice (CGMP).  

In the months since FDA finalized this guidance, how has industry responded? Are manufacturers that establish contracts for specific manufacturing activities using quality agreements effectively? The answer is mixed; yes, many are, but there is room for improvement. In this article, the authors cover the scope and legal underpinnings of the guidance, as well as what FDA investigators may consider regarding a quality agreement during an inspection. The article also provides some examples of issues related to quality agreements that FDA has called out in warning letters since the guidance was finalized.

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Article Details


BioPharm International


Outsourcing Resources 2018

Vol. 31

March 2018

Pages: 16–21


When referring to this article, please cite it as P. Katz et al., "Good Quality Agreements Support Compliance with CGMP,"

BioPharm International Outsourcing Resources eBook

(March 2018).