FDA Approves Amgen's Prolia for Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

June 10, 2010

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Prolia (denosumab), manufactured by Amgen Inc. (Thousand Oaks, CA), for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture; or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy.

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Prolia (denosumab), manufactured by Amgen Inc. (Thousand Oaks, CA), for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, defined as a history of osteoporotic fracture, or multiple risk factors for fracture; or patients who have failed or are intolerant to other available osteoporosis therapy. Prolia is a 60 mg subcutaneous injection administered by a healthcare professional every six months.

Prolia's approval is based on a pivotal three-year Phase 3 study involving 7,808 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Treatment with Prolia resulted in greater bone density, stronger bones, and reduced risk for vertebral, hip, and nonvertebral fractures measured at three years.

Prolia resulted in significant suppression of bone remodeling. The significance of these findings is unknown. The long-term consequences of the degree of suppression of bone remodeling observed with Prolia may contribute to adverse outcomes such as osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), atypical fractures, and delayed fracture healing. ONJ has been reported in patients with Prolia. Patients should be monitored for these adverse outcomes. The most common adverse reactions (>5% and more common than placebo) were back pain, pain in extremity, musculoskeletal pain, hypercholesterolemia, and cystitis. Pancreatitis has also been reported with Prolia. More information on the study can be found on the Amgen web site.