DSM, based in Heerlen, the Netherlands, is moving ahead with construction of a commercial-scale biomanufacturing facility in Montreal, Canada. The Société Générale de Financement du Québec (SGF), a quasi-governmental agency — and part owner of the enterprise — that helped finance the original DSM Biologics facility there will finance 40% of the investment.
The new facility’s design calls for four mammalian cell culture bioreactors with a total capacity of 60,000 L plus full downstream processing capabilities. The plant is being built in two phases; the first, at a cost of more than $100 million, is expected to be online by mid-2005. Although this phase includes the construction of the building and the necessary infrastructure for all four bioreactors, only two 15,000-L units will be installed. No target date has been given for adding the second 30,000 L of capacity.
This DSM investment represents the biggest commitment to new cell culture capacity since Zurich-based Lonza announced two years ago that it was building 60,000 L (three 20,000-L units) of capacity at its Portsmouth, NH location. That capacity is expected to come online in mid-2004 and is now 90% committed; Lonza announced in May that it had signed a large-scale monoclonal antibody supply agreement with an unnamed, top 10 pharmaceutical company. Another major contractor adding cell culture capacity is Diosynth, whose new facility in Oss, the Netherlands, will have an 18,000-L bioreactor. Among other major contract biomanufacturers, UK-based Avecia has focused on new microbial capacity, while Dow Chemical seems to be holding off on new capacity commitments at its Rhode Island facility.Capacity Landscape Despite high-profile announcements such as these, getting a clear picture of the availability of contract mammalian cell culture capacity is tricky. Companies are moving in and out of the market as their strategies or in-house capacity requirements change. Sponsors with excess capacity, including GlaxoSmithKline, Abbott Laboratories, Idec Pharmaceuticals, and Abgenix are actively selling their excess capacity. Other companies with surplus capacity are using the manufacturing capability as leverage when negotiating alliances.
It is clear, however, that the catastrophic supply shortfalls that some observers were forecasting are not coming to pass. According to Howard Levine, president of BioProcess Technology Consultants, those projections were often based on faulty assumptions regarding dosing requirements, approval rates, and the market’s ability to absorb all of the new products.
What is in short supply, according to Levine and others, is contract capacity for process development and biomanufacturing of clinical trial materials. The clinical business can be very volatile — both Lonza and Cambrex have suffered significant revenue and earnings shortfalls this year because of clinical project cancellations and delays — but demand is high, even in this difficult funding environment for early-stage companies.
One major company that is focusing on the clinical market is Cambrex Bio Science. According to its president, Peter van Hoorn, Cambrex Bio Science recently opened a new process development laboratory at its Baltimore, MD, location, and is installing a 500-L stirred tank mammalian cell culture bioreactor that will be in operation at year’s end. The company is also installing a 2,500-L microbial reactor train at its facility in Hopkinton, MA, which will come online in mid-2004.
Smaller companies are also adding clinical cell culture capacity. In May, Belgium-based Henogen acquired another Belgian company, 4C Biotech, which provides clinical-scale biomanufacturing. Also that month, Laureate Pharma installed a 200-L bioreactor at its Princeton, NJ, location. Laureate also plans to complete installation of a new 2,000-L bioreactor later this year.