CASE STUDY 2: PROFILING CHO-CULTURE MEDIA
Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells are often used for the over-expression and production of recombinant proteins. However,
each newly generated CHO cell line requires a separate culture optimization process. Process scientists frequently try several
different culture media and select the one providing the highest production levels. However, they may have no means of knowing
whether the selected conditions are best suited for scaling or whether there is scope for significantly increasing yields.
NMR profiling can provide full visibility of the presence and concentration of feed components, contaminants, and metabolites.
Figure 3 shows the concentration of key analytes over the first eight days of a pilot culture of a new antibody-producing CHO cell
line. As demonstrated, there was a fast rise in formate and lactate levels, and a rapid decrease in asparagine concentration.
Decomposition of the amino acid shown is directly related to an increase in ammonia which is toxic to the cells. The NMR data
enabled rapid assessment of the medium parameters which needed to be varied in order to increase cell density and protein
production. In addition, comparison of the lactic acid concentration in media from a control culture and one grown under conditions
designed to reduce lactate validated the efficiency of the intervention.
Figure 3: The concentration of key analytes over the first eight days of a pilot culture of a new antibody-producing CHO cell
With QbD, FDA and other regulatory agencies require companies to have greater control of their bioprocesses. There is an increased
need, therefore, for good methodology to monitor the concentration and identity of media components during process development
In summary, NMR offers a robust, flexible analytical technique that achieves simultaneous feedback on multiple analytes. NMR
is further characterized by a large dynamic range, a high specificity and reproducibility, coupled with fast throughput, making
it cost efficient. The information that the industry needs for bioprocess development can be obtained with NMR, and NMR can
be used across various cellular platforms, including CHO cells, NSO cells stem cells, insect cells, bacteria, yeasts, and
1. Spinnovation Case Studies, "Cutting-Edge Analytical Technology to Profile and Manage Optimization of Cell Culture Media"
and "Stem Cell Culture: The Advantage of NMR Monitoring," available at
2. Bradley et al., JACS 132, 9531–33 (2010).
3. FDA, "Advancing Regulatory Science at FDA", p.14, available at