The Time Value of Information in Designing Downstream Purification Processes - To speed up the downstream process, you must get the right data, in the right amount, at the right time. Here's how. - Bi

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The Time Value of Information in Designing Downstream Purification Processes
To speed up the downstream process, you must get the right data, in the right amount, at the right time. Here's how.


BioPharm International Supplements


Move Toward a Mechanistic Model

The knowledge gained now provides an opportunity to work toward a general mechanistic model. Working with subject matter experts, the model is recast from the empirical model into a mechanistic form.8

Continuous Improvement: Integrating QbD and Related Approaches into Process Development

Recognizing that organizations and individuals are in various states of maturity regarding QbD greatly facilitates the transition to the new development process.

For organizations that already have experience with QbD, improved use will result from periodic review (quarterly, semi-annually, and annually, depending on the organization) of its use of QbD and what changes need to be made. This review should include the QbD strategy, methods used, and results obtained. The assessment should also evaluate how QbD has been used at the various stages of development ranging from initiating development of a new drug, to regulatory submission, to product launch, to manufacturing scale-up, and long-term production.

For organizations just starting QbD, one approach is to use a strategy of "starting small, thinking big"; i.e., start with a modest plan, but have clear goals, milestones, and long-term goals. Behavior change will be needed; pay attention to the principles of organizational change.


Table 1
In any new initiative, it is helpful to have a set of principles to guide the effort. We have found the principles summarized in Table 1 to be useful. We must begin with a sense of urgency that the new approach is essential to our success.9 Senior management must establish the sense of urgency, see that a systematic approach is developed and used, and keep emphasizing the importance of developing process understanding and its relation to process variation.


Table 2
Top management also has to keep the organization focused on using the new approach in high impact areas and should request supporting data and measures of all results. Management also must lead efforts to ensure that management systems are in place to sustain the approach and results over time, and celebrate successes to recognize results and reinforce the desired behaviors.

Lessons Learned

The lessons learned highlight what is necessary to increase the time value of data: getting the right data at the right time in the right amount. Table 2 presents some principles that can be used to guide the applications of this approach. These principles generally teach a holistic, end-to-end view. You must keep an eye on what the end result looks like, follow a systematic, structured approach, and remember the measurement system. This will speed up downstream development by getting the right data, in the right amount, at the right time.

Anthony Lonardo is the associate vice president of statistics and quantitative sciences, and Bo Qi is the director of process development, both at ImClone Systems, 908.541.8240,
Ronald D. Snee, PhD, is the founder and president of Snee Associates, LLC.

References

1. Shukla AA, Hubbard B, Tressel T, Sam GS, Low D. Downstream processing of monoclonal antibodies—application of platform approaches. J Chromatogr B. 2007 Mar 15;848(1):28–39.

2. Peterson JJ. A Bayesian approach to the ICH Q8 definition of design space. J Biopharm Stat. 2008;18(5):959–75.

3. Covey, Stephen R. The 7 Habits of highly effective people—powerful lessons in personal change. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster; 1989.

4. Snee RD. Quality by Design—Four years and three myths later. Pharma Proc. 2009 Feb;14–16.

5. Snee RD. Building a framework for Quality by Design. Pharm Tech Online. 2009 Oct. Available from: http://pharmtech.findpharma.com/Special+Section%3a+Quality+by+Design/Building-a-Framework-for-Quality-by-Design/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/632988

6. Snee RD. Raising your batting average—remember the importance of strategy in experimentation. Qual Progr. 2009 Dec;64–8.

7. Hulbert, MH, Feely LC, Inman EL, Johnson AD, Kearney AS, Michaels J, Mitchell M, Zour E. Risk management in pharmaceutical product development—white paper prepared by the PhRMA drug product technology group. J Pharma Innov. 2008;3:227–48.

8. Box, GE, Draper, NR. Empirical Model Building and Response Surface. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons; 1987.

9. Kotter J. A Sense of Urgency, Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press; 2008.


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