A Case Study
In this case study, a human MAb (IgG1, pI = 8.3, 150 kDa) was purified using the Sartobind phenyl membrane adsorber in flow-through
mode. The protein of interest was produced at Percivia, LLC, using the PER.C6 cell line in a fed-batch process with a chemically
defined growth medium. PER.C6 cells are E1-immortalized human embryonic retinal cells described in US patent 5,994,128.20 The crude media was clarified by centrifugation at 15,000g followed by depth filtration and sterile filtration. The clarified media was partially purified by column chromatography.
This material was loaded onto a 3 mL Sartobind phenyl nano membrane adsorber in 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, with
ammonium sulfate concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 0.4 M. The product was collected in flow-through fractions and the membrane
was then washed with equilibration buffer to recover the entire product. Samples of the flow-through fractions were assayed
for aggregates by size exclusion chromatography.
Figure 2. Normalized aggregate levels of flow-through fractions collected while loading Sartobind phenyl membrane adsorber
with partially purified antibody at various ammonium sulfate concentrations. (HMW: high molecular weight)
Figure 2 shows that the binding of HMW aggregates improved with increased salt concentration in loading buffer. Although 100%
breakthrough of aggregates was observed at 0.1 and 0.2 M (NH4)2SO4, saturation was not reached at 0.3 or 0.4 M (NH4)2SO4 when the membrane was loaded with up to 167 mg-MAb/mL-membrane. As shown in Figure 3, protein recovery was greater than 94%,
even at the highest salt condition of 0.4 M (NH4)2SO4, while aggregate reduction for the total flow-through pool was approximately 50%. In this study, a loading capacity of at
least 167 mg-MAb/mL-membrane was achieved using the Sartobind phenyl membrane adsorber with yields of ≥94% and a final aggregate
level <1% for a monoclonal IgG1.
Figure 3. Yield and high molecular weight (HMW) aggregate reduction for Sartobind phenyl membrane adsorber loaded with partially
purified antibody at various ammonium sulfate concentrations
Featuring high binding capacity comparable to that of conventional HIC resins even at significantly higher flow rates, Sartobind
phenyl membrane adsorber represents a new membrane-based tool applicable for flow-through as well as bind-and-elute purification
operations. It can be considered as an alternative to column chromatography in processes where throughput, binding capacity,
or resolution need improvement.
In addition, replacing several hundred liter columns with prepacked disposable membrane adsorbers can provide other advantages—such
as a smaller plant footprint, the elimination of column packing and subsequent cleaning validation, and significantly lower
buffer volume requirements—while adding flexibility to the downstream process.
NATHALIE FRAUD, PhD, is a senior scientist in purification process development, biotechnology division, Sartorius Stedim North America, Bohemia,
NY, 626.241.2171, firstname.lastname@example.org
and MIYAKO HIRAI is a product manager of membrane chromatography, biotechnology division, Sartorius Stedim Biotech GmbH, Goettingen, Germany,
MICHAEL KUCZEWSKI, PhD, is an associate scientist III and GREGORY ZARBIS-PAPASTOITSIS, PhD, is a director, both in the downstream process development department at Percivia LLC, Cambridge, MA.
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