The Proper Use of 47-mm Flat Disc Filters in Filter Sizing Studies - Why staining is crucial in flow decay studies. - BioPharm International


The Proper Use of 47-mm Flat Disc Filters in Filter Sizing Studies
Why staining is crucial in flow decay studies.

BioPharm International
Volume 22, Issue 9


The ultimate goal of the filter sizing exercise is to quantify the effective filter area (EFA) needed to filter an entire production batch over a set time frame. Such testing typically is done using a flat disc with a diameter of 47-mm. The proper implementation of the flow decline method of assessing EFA requirements necessitates knowing the precise EFA of the model filter, which can be measured using staining techniques.

A filter-sizing study using a 47-mm flat disc is intended as indicator trial, which is preliminary to a more meaningful verification trial, or even to a more cogent assurance trial. The latter will require filter models characterized by a pleated membrane design. The EFA assessment of the pleated filter models can be performed with confidence. This will result in dependable projections of the EFA required for the batch processing filters.

Maik W. Jornitz is the group vice president of marketing & product management, filtration and fermentation technologies, and Wayne Garafola is an application specialist, both at Sartorius Stedim Biotech, Bohemia, NY, 631.870.8463,
Theodore H. Meltzer is the principal at Capitola Consulting Co., Bethesda, MD.


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5. Jornitz MW, Meltzer TH. Comparing flow rates of microporous membranes. Eur J Parenteral Pharm Sci. 2009:14(1)19–23.

6. Jornitz MW, Meltzer TH. Filtration and purification in the biopharmaceutical industry. New York, NY: Informa; 2008

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9. Jornitz MW. Filter construction and design. In: MW Jornitz, editor. Sterile Filtration. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Verlag; 2006. p. 105–124.

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