EXPRESSION SYSTEMS IN DEVELOPMENT
Table 1 lists some of the expression systems in development and their sources (the main commercial licensing organizations).
These systems include an incredible variety of organisms being transformed for recombinant protein expression, including algae,
both unicellular and whole plants; glycolysis in diverse yeasts, animal cells and even plants; moss; coconut cells; Drosophila mosquitoes; fungi, including unicellular and whole plants; chicken stem cells; tobacco and other agricultural commodity plants
in cell culture, greenhouses and open fields; bacteria long used in for nonpharmaceutical industrial manufacture, including
Bacillus subtilis; cell lines targeted as replacements for CHO cells, including NS0 and HEK-292 cell lines; diverse yeasts, including those
engineered to have human-like glycosylation; shrimp and other aquatic animals; protozoa; transgenic animals of all types;
novel bacteria, such as Caulobacter, Staphylococcus and Clostridia species; Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis, a cold-growing bacterium from Antarctica; stripped-down E. coli; and even totally cell-free systems.
Table 1. Select novel expression systems and commercial sources1
As strange as it may now seem, in coming years, you will likely be using multiple expression systems. The biotechnology community
should welcome these manufacturing platforms and follow their development because they offer wide-open options for improvements
and alternatives to the currently dominant E. coli, yeast, and CHO systems. In many cases, the economics and increased simplicity and convenience of newer systems will expand
their use. Currently, only a small portion of those involved in recombinant protein or MAb manufacture are familiar with more
than just a few of the upcoming technologies. So, there are still ample opportunities to stake one's claim before others jump
in and catch up by taking options to license effective expression systems.
Eric S. Langer is president and managing partner at BioPlan Associates, Inc., Rockville, MD, 301.921.5979, firstname.lastname@example.org
He is also a member of BioPharm International's editorial advisory board.
1. Rader RA. Biopharmaceutical expression systems and genetic engineering technologies: current and future manufacturing
platforms. BioPlan Associates. Rockville, MD; 2008 Oct. Available from: