Campaign 4 reliably achieved its production goals and produced 110% of the campaign goal with a productivity improvement of
10% over campaign 3, sustained product quality, and a 15% decrease in process variability. This is shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. Performance of campaign 4 shows sustained high culture performance with low variability; Relative standard deviation
As shown in this application, MVDA can be a useful tool for continuous process improvement and long-term process understanding.
Furthermore, it can be used for process optimization to reduce process variability and achieve predictable performance.
Figure 6A. Partial least squares loadings plots for a 2-L bioreactor3
USE OF MVDA FOR ESTABLISHING PROCESS COMPARABILITY AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Alime Ozlem Kirdar and Anurag Rathore, Amgen Inc.
This application involved multivariate analysis of data from small-scale (2-L) and large- scale (2000-L) cell culture batches.3 A commercially available MVDA software package, SIMCA P+ 11 version 220.127.116.11 (Umetrics AB, Kinnelon, NJ), was used to perform
the multivariate analysis. Daily offline metabolic and cell growth measurements from 14 center point runs (2-L scale) and
11 center point runs (2000-L scale batches) were analyzed separately by partial least squares (PLS) modeling. Several input
parameters (pCO2, pO2, glucose, pH, lactate, ammonium ions) and output parameters (percent purity, viable cell density, percent viability, osmolality)
were included in the analysis.3 Loadings plot and variable importance for the projection plots were used to evaluate process comparability across scales.
The loadings plot shows the PLS loadings computed for each of the x variables. The variables with the largest absolute values
of principal components (p1 or p2) are situated far away from the origin (on the positive or negative side) on the plot and
dominate the projection. The farther we are from the center (0,0) in the loadings plot, the greater the impact of input parameters
on the performance of the cell culture or the greater the impact of the cell culture process on the output parameter. Also,
variables near each other (in the same quadrant) are positively correlated and those opposite to each other (opposite quadrants)
are negatively correlated.3
Figure 6B. Partial least squares loadings plots for a 2,000-L bioreactor3