Using 95% confidence level, the assumption of parallelism will be rejected if F is larger than the critical point from an
F distribution with 3 numerator degrees of freedom and (n–8) denominator degrees of freedom, where n is the total number of observations in the analysis.
COMPARISON OF THE METHODS
Figure 1. Total RNA Yield (mg) from Different Tissues (mg) The upper asymptotes do not match. Dilutional similarity rejected
by Ftest.

As part of the release of a drug product as a reference standard, a qualification study was undertaken to compare the potency
between the new formulation with the original reference standard, STD. Figures 1– 5 are graphs comparing a test sample to
a reference standard using a 4parameter logistic model. These are independent tests of the formulations and not a sequence.
Figure 2. Yield of Total and mRNA from Different Tissues and Cells Divergence at higher concentrations. Dilutional similarity
rejected by Ftest.

The compounds were radiotagged, depicting the measurement in counts/min. The starting point of each test is 200 mg/mL and
then it is diluted in steps of 3fold or 2fold until the last measurement at 0.77 mg/mL. On all figures the xaxis is logarithmic
and the yaxis is linear.
In order to compute the potency, the test sample has to be parallel to the reference standard. In Figure 1, the test sample
and the reference standard do not have the same upper asymptote. The Fstatistic was 3.67 with pvalue = 0.0436 < 0.05 rejecting the dilutional similarity. However, the dilution effect computed was 5.95%, which did not
reject the parallelism because it is ≤ 20%. In Figure 2 and Figure 3, the test of parallelism was rejected using Fstatistics.
The pvalues were < 0.0001 and 0.0004, respectively. The dilution effects statistics computed were 16.89% and 19.31%, respectively,
yielding an acceptance result for dilutional similarity, as it was ≤ 20%.
In Figure 4, the test of parallelism yielded a pvalue of 0.992, which is ≥ 0.05 and the dilution effect measure computed was less than 20%. The two tests had comparable
outcomes. In Figure 5, the two tests rejected the dilutional similarity.
