FDA Outlines Guidance and Rules for Compounding Drug Products
FDA has outlined its guidance and rules for the compounding of drug products by releasing policy documents as part of the agency’s effort to implement the compounding provisions of the Drug Quality and Security Act (DQSA), enacted in November 2013. The policy documents consist of a draft interim guidance, a proposed rule, a final guidance, and two revised requests for nominations for the bulk drug substances lists.
“Providing clarity to the compounding industry on the agency’s expectations for these unapproved drug products is a priority for the agency,” said Janet Woodcock, M.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, in a press release. “These actions are essential next steps in providing the compounding industry with the appropriate tools to comply with the law and advancing the FDA’s efforts to continue protecting patients.”
The draft interim guidance describes FDA’s expectations regarding compliance with cGMPs for facilities that compound human drugs and register with FDA as outsourcing facilities under section 503B of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). The guidance focuses on cGMP requirements related to sterility assurance of sterile drug products and the general safety of compounded drug products.
The proposed rule would revise FDA’s current list of drug products that may not be compounded because the drug products have been withdrawn or removed from the market because they were found to be unsafe or not effective. The proposed rule would modify the description of one drug product on the list and add 25 drug products to the list. The list would apply to both compounders and outsourcing facilities seeking to compound drugs for human use under sections 503A and 503B, respectively.
The final guidance pertains to individuals or pharmacies that intend to compound drugs under section 503A, now that the FD&C Act has been amended by the DQSA. The guidance restates the provisions of section 503A, describes FDA’s interim policies with respect to specific provisions that require implementing regulations or other actions, and contains a non-exhaustive list of potential enforcement actions against individuals or pharmacies that compound human drug products in violation of the FD&C Act.
Two Federal Register notices state that FDA is reopening the nomination process for two lists of bulk drug substances (APIs) that may be used to compound drug products. One list is for drug products compounded in accordance with section 503A, and the other list is for drug products compounded in accordance with section 503B of the FD&C Act. In response to a December 2013 request for nominations, the agency received nominations that were not for bulk drug substances used in compounding and that did not provide sufficient information to justify inclusion of the substances on the lists. FDA provides more detail on what information is needed to evaluate the nominations for placement on the lists.
The draft interim guidance and proposed rule are available for public comment for 60 days, and the dockets are open for the public to nominate bulk drug substances for compounding under section 503A or 503B for 90 days.