A new, very high capacity cation exchange resin* for process scale applications was developed by the researchers at Tosoh
Corporation. This resin, with dynamic binding capacities approaching 145 mg/mL for IgG molecules, is the newest member of
the Toyopearl product line.
Recent advances in the ability of upstream processes to manufacture biotherapeutic proteins at levels up to 10 mg/mL in the
cell culture fluid have placed increasing demands on downstream unit operations. One of the potential bottlenecks in the downstream
processes is the binding capacity of the chromatographic resin. If more capacity can be engineered into the resin, smaller
columns, improved throughput, and less buffer consumption can be utilized. Tosoh Corporation designed a new cation exchange
resin that has very high binding capacity for the purification of biotherapeutic molecules to alleviate this potential bottleneck.
This new resin, Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M, has a dynamic binding capacity close to 145 mg/mL for IgG and is designed to have
a long lifetime, withstand high flow rates and tolerate aggressive cleaning regimens.
Toyopearl HW-65 size exclusion resin was functionalized with sulfonic acid groups using a proprietary spacer group to generate
Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M. To determine the dynamic binding capacity, 6.0 mm ID x 4.0 cm columns were packed with the new resin.
Polyclonal human IgG (1mg/mL) in 0.1mol/L acetate buffer (pH 4.7) was loaded onto the column at various flow rates (Figure
1). The dynamic binding capacity was measured at 10% breakthrough (absorbance at 280nm). Additionally, a smaller molecule
(i.e. lysozyme) was also tested and the dynamic binding capacity was measured. (Table 1)
Table 1. Typical properties of Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M
At extremely fast processing flow rates of greater than 1000 cm/h, the new cation exchange resin demonstrated an impressive
75 mg/mL IgG binding capacity. As the flow rate was decreased to a more traditional 200 cm/h the resin exhibited an enormous
145 mg/mL binding capacity. Under the conditions described in this note, the new Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M resin featured very
high binding capacities with excellent binding kinetics (Figure 1) and almost quantitative recoveries (data not shown). The
physical properties of Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M compared to the existing Toyopearl SP products are listed in Table 1.
Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M is an ideal cation exchange resin for the chromatographic purification of biotherapeutic products.
Both large and small molecules had increased binding capacities, making it a versatile resin for all proteins. With the high
binding capacities, the need for very large columns and massive buffer consumption are minimized, particularly for those proteins
expressed at higher levels as a result of upstream improvements. The new Toyopearl GigaCap S-650M chromatography resin is
based on the same base bead as the other Toyopearl resins and, therefore, will have similar pressure-flow and chemical stability
*Specifically designed for packed bed use.
Authors: J. Kevin O' Donnell, PhD
156 Keystone Drive
Montgomeryville, PA 18936